Umkämpfte Natur: Genetische Ressourcen als Medium der Kapitalakkumulation
Schlagworte:Ressourcen, Natur, Konflikte, Akkumulation, Regulationstheorie, Landnahme
The author describes the regulation of the commodification of knowledge and genetic resources over time. He distinguishes between fordist- and postfordist modes of regulation referring in particular to the concept of the „societal relationship with nature“. In the century of bio- and information technology immaterial resources have become increasingly important. They are part of a new accumulation-regime in which the life science- and information-industry fills an important economic role. Patents and new technologies, like genetic engineering and nanotechnology, are inextricably linked to this process. Functioning as „commodification-technologies“ they enable the life science industry to enlarge capital accumulation by privatizing formerly societal resources. The author elaborates the inherent contradictions within this process and points out problems and conflicts within each period.